29 Sep Ruby vs Python: Which Is A Better Programming Language?
“Between Ruby vs Python, which is better?” This is a common question being asked especially by aspirants who want to start from scratch in the world of computer programming or an existing developer who wants to acquire new skills.
However, there is no such thing as a better programming language. Why? Because every language has its attributes. But, in the battle between Ruby vs Python, both are similar but yet a rival language. As a newer generation in the programming world, these high-level, and server-side scripting language constantly evolved and diversified with the demands of the market. However, Ruby and Python boast on its similarities and critical differences as it caters to the demand of the market from static to high-performance software applications.
But some might asks, “Why is Python so popular?” Another question that would always boost Python developers’ ego and would immediately be answered with the same line of reasoning — Python has become an industry favorite among programmers. On the other hand, a hard-core Ruby developer will showcase the simplicity, and sometimes, the “magical” prowess of Ruby programming language to establish a rebuttal.
Therefore, the battle between these two languages is endless. To help newbies and professionals learn the basic difference between the two, let’s start by discussing its core attributes.
Ruby Programming Language
In order to know Ruby programming language, first, let’s start with its history. This programming language was designed by Japanese Computer Scientist Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto. It was then released in 1995. And one of its core attributions is it has tons of features intended for Web development. And mainly to impute its purpose of an object-oriented general-purpose programming language.
As mentioned earlier, the Ruby programming language hold the beacon of simplicity. Its patrons inculcate the philosophy that software is not developed to satisfy the specifications and requirements of the machine. Instead, the Ruby programming language is here to empower programmers and developers. The language does not focus on what the machine can do, but to allow programmers to use all the features of the language to accomplish the task in the best way possible.
Since its release for more than two decades ago, Ruby has been established as a multi-paradigm programming language. Plainly because it supports both procedural programming and functional programming. Also, Ruby is a dynamic and reflective programming language creating an enthusiastic community where developers follow its developments closely and help develop “gems”. In the Ruby community, “gems” is the term you’ll see wide across the libraries and sometimes applications and Integrated Development Environments (IDEs).
Ruby is always pro-developer as stated in its Principle of Least Astonishment (POLA). It always abides with the guiding principle that existing code, written in an elegant manner will less likely cause confusion to the developers.
Python Programming Language
Python is as a multi-paradigm programming language. Simply because it supports wide variations of programming, including – object-oriented programming, structured programming, functional programming, and aspect-oriented programming. So, to those who want to learn the language, this programming language may appear to be quite overwhelming. But the fact state otherwise. In fact, Python is quite easy to learn as it does not have a steep learning curve.
With the skyrocketing demand for Python developers, let’s recall how it all started. Guido Van Rossum first implemented it in 1989 and it finally appeared in 1990, however it gained its popularity in the 2000s. From that time on, it has diversified and emerged as an on-demand programming language creating a larger community of collaborators. Python is 5-year older than Ruby and its longevity in the market is another factor for its popularity.
What Python does is mainly to help developers run programs as fast as it offers the best readability for experienced programmers. Also, its easy coding for beginners like basic Python string operations. One thing that is worth to take note is many programmers prefer Python because of its flexible coding capabilities, just like creating the pseudo-codes. Another point is Python boasts on its strict layout using indentation and the absence of semicolons fully describe the code structure of the language.
The community of collaborators allows Python to thrive with its wide collection of libraries. The Python Package Index is the official repository of Python libraries that offers functionalities ranging from Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), multimedia, web frameworks, databases connectivity, networking and communication, system administration, test frameworks, automation, text and image processing, scientific computing, and so on. Another factor of its popularity is its platform compatibility as it is bundled with common Linux distributions.
Ruby vs Python: Core Areas
The popularity of these new-generation programming languages is attributed to its core philosophies. One of which is to encourage beginners to explore it. Also, one of the reasons both languages has been successful is because of their core areas.
Let’s examine the core areas that both Ruby and Python are primarily associated with.
The trend for global demand for custom software development makes Ruby suitable for Web development and functional programming. The tremendous vitality in the light of increasing global demand for web-enabled IT services and database driven website allows Ruby and its community for continuous development and enhancement of tools and frameworks. We will discuss the framework that is responsible for its popularity — Ruby on Rails (RoR) — in the coming section.
Though Python is not the first programming language to originate in the university arena, it has become a university friendly programming language as it is the favorite language used for Machine Learning, Robotics, and Data Science.
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